Lençois Maranhenses, the Rio Parnaíba Delta, and Serra de Ibiapaba with its National Parks Ubajara and Sete Cidades

Dunes, Lagoons and the Ocean - Brazil’s Picturesque Northeast

Aerial view of the Rio Parnaíba delta

Aerial view of the Rio Parnaíba delta


  • Lençois Maranhenses National Park:
    Magical sand dunes
  • In the Delta of the Rio Parnaíba:
    Stunning nature scenes between river and ocean
  • Serra de Ibiapaba with the Ubajara National Park and the Sete Cidades National Park:
    Tabletop mountains, green spa oasis with breathtaking waterfalls, bizarre rock formations, mystical caves and prehistoric wall drawings


Short Description of the Natural Highlights


Lençois Maranhenses National Park

Sand dunes at Lençois Maranhenses National Park The Lençois Maranhenses National Park was founded in 1981 and covers 155,000 ha, 90,000 of them are characterised by dunes and lagoons in-between them. The national park is part of the bioma coastal region consisting of coastal landscapes, mangrove forests and promontories with sand dunes and scarce vegetation. A combination of different landscapes that is unique on our planet. The most known place among tourists Barreirinhas, whereas the small towns of Atins and Santo Amaro are our secret hints, a little more remote but less frequented and very close to the dunes and lagoons.
To get there 4x4 vehicles are required, alternatively some routes can be explored hiking.

The natural highlights around Santo Amaro are: the lagoons Lagoa da Sonda, Lagoa das Americas, Lagoa da Gaivota, the riverside of the Rio Alegre and the Espigão and the tiny and picturesque villages Comunidade de Travosa and Betânia. Also your taste buds won't be neglected on this trip. We will spoil you, just to mention a few examples, with the Tiquira, a liquor made out of manioc roots with a recipe from the local Indios. It's a very strong drink. Who prefers something lighter might want to try the Jesus, a very traditional, pink and refreshing drink coming from Maranhão. Jesus was coincidently discovered by a pharmacist in 1920. It's taste is slightly sweet with a touch of cinnamon. Rice with shrimps, prawns, oysters and lobsters are other local specialities. Also very popular in the region are Maranhãos reggaes, Carribean rhythms such as the famous Lambada from Bahia and the Merengue, or Carimbo and Brega from French Guyana, which have made their way to Brazil through the Amazon delta. Due to the National park's regulations and policies, all excursions have to be accompanied by a guide certified by the environmental authorities.


The Rio Parnaíba Delta

Mangrove forests in the Rio Parnaíba delta The Delta of the Parnaíba river comprises an archipelago of more than 70 islands spread over 2,700 km². The landscape is shaped by large mangrove forests, water mirrors, endless sand dunes and picturesque lagoons, rivers flowing into the Atlantic Ocean and paradise beaches. The region is home to an interesting avifauna. Various species of water birds, among them the exotic scarlet ibis characterise the region. From a bird perspective (flights can be booked) the meeting of the Parnaíba river with the Atlantic Ocean looks like a giant puzzle with the 70 islands scattered around the delta. Navigation on the river and its side arms therefore requires a lot of experience and knowledge of the region as one can easily get lost in the igarapés or stuck on the sandbanks. This is what has happened to the Portuguese adventurer Nicolau de Resende, who had discovered the region in 1571 and was saved by the natives. The largest island is the Ilha das Canárias is home of a fishermen community and is under natural conservancy. The fishermen use traditional fishing methods, mostly on board of their canoes or from the beaches and shores using nets.


Serra de Ibiapaba, National Park Ubajara, and National Park Sete Cidades

Sete Cidades National Park The mountain range "Serra de Ibiapaba" rises right in the middle of the dry region of the Brazilian northeast, a green oasis with fresh water springs between the rocks. Scenic streams and waterfalls invite the visitor for a refreshing jump in the water. The very pleasant climate with temperatures never exceeding 25º C offers a contrast to the hot Savannah regions of the Caatinga and the Sertão lowlands. Due to this climatical conditions a very varied fauna and flora can be found here, raching from species which are home in dry forest to very tropical and exotic ones. The Ubajara National park, one of the smaller ones in Brazil, impresses with its equally named stalagmite cave.

The Sete Cidades National Park, founded in 1961, comprises an area of 6,304 ha. It is located in the state of Piauí, 140 km from Parnaíba. Its distinctive rock formations form the "7 stone cities" after which the park is named. Historic wall paintings of humans, animals and hands are baffling scientists trying to determine their origin. Various speculations reach from Erich von Dänikens theories till the theory about a connection between the delta with Atlantis. The most believable theory is however the one which has already been scientifically proven in the nearby Serra da Capivara National Park. It claims that the continent has been inhabited a lot earlier than originally assumed, around 50,000 years ago. This theory would also approve that there has been a number of different immigration streams over the millennia. The park is responsible for the conservation of important eco-systems such as the Caatinga and the Cerrado with its dry vegetation where a variety of endemic species offer a picturesque landscape. The National Park authorities are in charge of environmental research and education and also oversees ecotourism and leisure activities. In contrast to the dry regions one can also find rivers and springs, meadows, forests, lakes and ponds, all of them contributing to the beauty of the region.



Prices and Travel Details

Dunes, Lagoons and the Ocean – Brazil’s Picturesque Northeast
Travel Time
16 days / 15 nights
Group Size
minimum 2, maximum 6 participants
Travel Dates
all year round
2-3 participants 4.180,- US$ per person
4-6 participants 3.860,- US$ per person
single supplement 510,- US$ per person

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