The 1,465 m high Monte Caburaí mountain is located in the state of Roraima at Brazils northernmost frontier, bordering with Guyana and Venezuela. The region is part of the highland of the Brazilian shield which consists of a roughly 600 million years old Precambrian landmass. The mountain is part of the Mount Roraima National Park, situated on a huge plateau at 1,000 m altitude. The breathtaking landscape is marked by several peaks and canyons covered with dense tropical Rainforest und countless waterfalls. The region offers rich biodiversity and a once in a life time adventure for lovers of pristine tropical Nature.
In 1930, the Brazilian explorer Marechal Cândido Rondon opened the Amazonian frontiers as from the state of Mato Grosso towards the north, organized an expedition to the Monte Caburaí claiming to have reached the northernmost point of Brazil.
Monte Caburaí view from amazon jungle, Roraima despite its magic energy that the lush tropical rain forest transmits, the region around the mountain was soon forgotten because of the difficulties of access and harsh living conditions. However, Brazil's northernmost area, around the source of the Uailã river, offers nature lovers and Adventurers alike unrivaled beauty, pristine flora and exotic fauna.
On our expedition you will marvel at gigantic trees hosting hundreds of species of birds und botanists will discover endemic species like Clusiagrandiflora, a bush that grows only here and in neighboring Guyana. Another natural attraction is the Garã-garã waterfall. For hundreds of million years an enormous volume of water thunders down from a height of 96 m shaping thus one of the most beautiful canyons in the Amazonian region.
The Ingarikó Native People
The Ingarikó inhabit the area surrounding Mount Roraima, the dominant landmark on the triple border between Brazil, Guiana and Venezuela, and, above all, the stump of the mythological tree of life, which was chopped down at the beginning of time. Occupying the highest portion of the Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous territory, they remained free of the various forms of recruiting indigenous labor that affected neighboring peoples to the south for centuries. Contacts with their relatives in Guiana are today, as in the past, fairly frequent. They belong to the linguistic family of the Karib. The population of 728 in 1992, increased to 1,271 individuals in 2010. In the village of Manalai, which we will visit, the population has increased from 192 in 1992 to 344 in 2011. Basket waiving of vine and arumã fibers is one of their most expressive elements in their culture. Fishing, hunting and agricultural activities are their means of subsistence. Some activities are collective others limited to each family.
The Aim of the Expedition
The aim of this expedition is to follow the tracks of the legendary Marechal Rondon to the northernmost point of Braziland the attempt to climb the summit of the „Monte Caburaí” an adventure that connects you with Brazil´s history.
Grade of Difficulty
The trail through dense rainforest is strenuous. The constant up and down hill hiking at elevated temperatures, reaching 30-35° Celsius on a set task of 6 hr/day, requires additional energy of the traveler. Natural water resources vary from leg to leg, so that an adequate drinking water management is important. While the goal is to reach the northernmost point of Brazil and the summit of the Mount Caburaí, its achievement is not granted. Natural obstacles such as dense lowland and highland rainforest, crossing of rivers, rapids, waterfalls, marsh land and actual weather conditions, are a constant physical and mental challenge. Are you ready to take it on?
Years ago at Southern Cross Tours & Expeditions, we decided to operate the expedition to the Pico da Neblina, the highest peak in Brazil, amidst the Amazonian rainforest, instead of going to the Monte Caburái, which at that point was an incognito to nearly everybody. In March 2011 we organized a first expedition to the Caburaí and arrived at the 5.6 km marker defining the northernmost point of the Brazilian territory. After 5 days of challenging rainforest hiking, where nature presented herself in exuberance and generosity we reached the summit. First we followed a trail used by indigenous hunters. Than we had to make a new trail by means of proper machete handling. Our team was carefully selected and included Ingarikó natives, masters of survival in the rainforest, as well as mundico, the shaman and Arlindo the local guide, both from the Ingarikó tribe. The alertness and experience of our native guides in this environment however would not substitute other important equipment such as machete, shot gun, GPS and compass.